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Some menopausal symptoms can be managed without drug treatments, such as with diet and exercise or by quitting smoking and cutting back on alcohol consumption. Some women, particularly those with severe symptoms, and those with menopause due to surgery or other non-age-related cause, may choose to start taking hormone replacement therapy to help prevent or reduce hot flushes, mood swings and bone loss.

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is the most common therapy prescribed to relieve the various symptoms of menopause. It has been and continues to be controversial, however. For more information about HRT, see Better Health Channel: Menopause - hormone replacement therapy. You should also discuss HRT with your doctor to make sure it is right for you.

Calcium and vitamin D supplementation is often recommended for bone health.

Last Review Date: December 30, 2018