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Treatment varies depending on what caused the pituitary disorder. Medications may be used to block hormone action, supplement missing or deficient hormones, and shrink pituitary tumours (to reduce compression symptoms and sometimes prior to surgery). When a pituitary tumour is present, a patient may undergo surgery to remove the tumour, or to remove most of the tissue when all of it cannot be removed. The pituitary gland is accessed through the nose (transsphenoidal surgery). The procedure is delicate and requires an experienced surgeon. Targeted radiation therapy may be used in conjunction with other treatments to decrease the size of the tumour and reduce excess hormone production.
Patients should work with their doctor and/or an endocrinologist (a doctor that specialises in the endocrine system) to determine the best treatment for them.
Last Review Date: August 8, 2017